Friday, September 23, 2011

Zofran (ondansetron): Drug Safety Communication - Risk of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

 

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A big "thank you" and a tip o'the electron to my friend Dr. David M. Haas Lambert for this post.  David's practice is Triangle Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Implant Centre, and he is aDiplomate, Amerian Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, Fellow, American College of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons Fellow, and a member of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.
As such, he's a pretty smart guy and, needless to say, well versed in the sedation and anesthesia aspect of his profession.  Yesterday David sent out an email to many of us in the profession with the following info.  I feel this kind of information dissemination is not only good to know for the doctors who read this blog, but also for the patients and lay people who also stop by for updates on technology and leading edge aspects of healthcare.  This is the kind of info that can save lives.  Feel free to pass it along.  Thank you David!

 

AUDIENCE: Oncology, Anesthesiology

ISSUE: FDA notified healthcare professionals and patients of an ongoing safety review and labeling changes for the anti-nausea drug Zofran (ondansetron, ondansetron hydrochloride and generics). Ondansetron may increase the risk of developing prolongation of the QT interval of the electrocardiogram, which can lead to an abnormal and potentially fatal heart rhythm, including Torsade de Pointes. Patients at particular risk for developing Torsade de Pointes include those with underlying heart conditions, such as congenital long QT syndrome, those who are predisposed to low levels of potassium and magnesium in the blood, and those taking other medications that lead to QT prolongation.

BACKGROUND: Zofran (ondansetron) is in a class of medications called 5-HT3 receptor antagonists. It is used to prevent nausea and vomiting caused by cancer chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery. FDA is requiring GlaxoSmithKline to conduct a thorough QT study to determine the degree to which Zofran (ondansetron) may cause QT interval prolongation.

RECOMMENDATION: The labels are being revised to include a warning to avoid use in patients with congenital long QT syndrome because these patients are at particular risk for Torsade. Recommendations for ECG monitoring in patients with electrolyte abnormalities (e.g., hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia), congestive heart failure, bradyarrhythmias, or in patients taking other medications that can lead to QT prolongation, are being included in the labels.

Healthcare professionals and patients are encouraged to report adverse events or side effects related to the use of these products to the FDA's MedWatch Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program:

  • Complete and submit the report Online: www.fda.gov/MedWatch/report.htm
  • Download form or call 1-800-332-1088 to request a reporting form, then complete and return to the address on the pre-addressed form, or submit by fax to 1-800-FDA-0178

 

 

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